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How to Sand and Finish New Hardwood Floors

Sand and Finish


Sanding and finishing new hardwood floors can remodel your space. Whether you are updating your own home or beginning sparkling, this manual will help you achieve professional outcomes. Follow these steps to make certain your flooring looks satisfactory.

Preparing for the Project:

Gathering Tools and Materials

Before starting, collect all essential equipment and materials. You’ll need a drum sander, edging sander, sandpaper in diverse grits, vacuum, tack cloths, timber filler, and your chosen end. Having everything equipped will make the technique smoother and extra green.

Safety Precautions:

Safety is vital while sanding and completing hardwood floors.

Sanding New Hardwood Floors

Choosing the Right Sandpaper Grit Selecting the appropriate sandpaper grit is vital for a clean finish. Start with a rough grit (36-forty) to cast off any difficult spots or choppy regions. Progress to medium grit (60-eighty) for smoothing and finish with first-class grit (100-one hundred twenty) for a cultured appearance.

Sanding Techniques:

Begin sanding within the room’s middle, moving the drum sander in an instant line with the timber grain. Overlap every pass barely to make certain of even sanding. Use the edging sander for corners and edges. Sand in a couple of stages, beginning with the coarsest grit and transferring to the finest.

 Cleaning Up After Sanding:

Once the sanding is whole, very well clean the area. Vacuum the floor to take away all dust and debris. Follow up with a tack cloth to pick up any final particles. Cleanliness is fundamental to achieving an easy finish.

Applying the Finish

Choosing the Right Finish

The kind of finish you pick will affect the look and durability of your floors. Options encompass oil-primarily based polyurethane, water-based polyurethane, and penetrating oil. Consider the level of site visitors in the area and your favored sheen while choosing a finish.

Application Techniques

Apply the finish with the use of a high-quality brush or curler. Work in small sections to keep away from lap marks. Follow the producer’s instructions for drying times between coats. Typically, a few coats are recommended for superior safety and appearance.

Drying and Curing Times

Allow ample drying time between each coat of finish. Oil-based finishes typically require 24 hours, while water-based finishes dry faster. After the very last coat, let the flooring treatment for at least 48 hours earlier than strolling on them and seven days earlier than setting the furnishings.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

Avoid common pitfalls whilst sanding and finishing hardwood flooring. Don’t rush the sanding method—take your time to make sure an easy surface. Apply thin coats of end to save your drips and streaks. Always comply with the manufacturer’s hints for drying and curing instances.


Sanding and finishing new hardwood flooring is a profitable mission that may decorate your home’s splendor. By following these steps and guidelines, you may gain an expert-high-quality end to stand the take a look at of time. Enjoy your beautiful new flooring!


Q: How long does it take to sand and finish new hardwood floors? 

The entire process typically takes 3-5 days, including drying and curing times.

Q: Can I sand and finish my hardwood floors without professional help? 

Yes, with the right tools and guidance, sanding and finishing hardwood floors can be a DIY project.

Q: What is the best finish for high-traffic areas? 

Oil-based polyurethane is highly durable and ideal for high-traffic areas.

Q: How often should I refinish my hardwood floors?

 Hardwood floors generally need refinishing every 7-10 years, depending on wear and tear.

Q: What should I do if my floors become scratched?

Minor scratches can be repaired with a wood floor repair kit. For deeper scratches, you may need to sand and refinish the affected area.

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